TikTok is facing a billion-pound class action lawsuit from a former children’s commissioner claiming that the viral video app took children’s personal information without the necessary consent.

The former Children’s Commissioner for England Anne Longfield has brought the claim against TikTok and its parent company ByteDance, alleging that the company failed to be transparent about the extent of the data is collected. The app collects children’s date of birth, email address, telephone number, profile pictures, location, biometric data, biography description, sexual and religious information, browsing history, and more, a website set up by Longfield states.

The claim represents all children who have used TikTok since 25 May 2018, regardless of whether they had an account. Ofcom says that 44 percent of eight to 12-year-olds in the UK use TikTok, despite its age restrictions being limited to children 13 and older. Longfield is also acting as a ‘litigation friend’ for the lead claimant, a 12-year-old female TikTok user, for “loss of control of personal data”.TikTok is accused of having violated the UK Data Protection Act 2018 and UK GDPR by failing to provide adequate safeguards to prevent illegal processing of children’s data, due to claims that it does not have measures in place to stop children using its app, messaging to explain how data is collected and processed, the consent of parents or guardians, or “any effective contractual basis or legitimate interest”.

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